Amazon Cloud Computing, EC2

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Commands

Zu Instanz verbinden

ssh -i certfile root@instancedns.amazon.com

Volume mounten

Das Verzeichnis mnt muss bereits existieren, das Volume muss dem Device /dev/sdf der Instanz über die Amazon Management Console hinzugefügt sein.

mount /dev/sdf /mnt/

AMI Erstellen

Als ersten Schritt muss ein Bucket erstellt werden, in S3 Storage.

Dazu gibt es ein Firefox Plugin: https://addons.mozilla.org/en-US/firefox/addon/3247

Der private key und das Zertifikat lädt man zur Instanz hoch:

scp -i mypem.pem cert-OOOOO.pem  root@ec2-174-129-111-208.compute-1.amazonaws.com:/root
scp -i mypem.pem pk-OOOOO.pem  root@ec2-174-129-111-208.compute-1.amazonaws.com:/root

Dann erstellt man ein Image. Der Befehl wird auf der remote Instanz ausgeführt. Achtung, mit dem -u Parameter gibt man den Username an (Account Number), nicht der Access Key.

ec2-bundle-vol -d /mnt --privatekey ./pk-OOOOO.pem  --cert ./cert-OOOOO.pem -u 0888-8888-8888

Bitte überprüfen, ob das image auch erstellt worden ist:

ls /mnt

Dann wird das Image zum S3 Bucket hochgeladen. Dieser Befehl wird auf der remote Instanz ausgeführt.

ec2-upload-bundle -b mybucketname -m /mnt/image.manifest.xml -a myaccesskeyidentifier -s mysecretkey

Instanz wird registriert. Diesen Befehl kann auf irgendeinem Rechner ausgeführt werden:

ec2-register mybucketname/image.manifest.xml

Etwas ausführlicher

ec2-register --private-key /pk-OOOOO.pem --cert ./cert-OOOOO.pem --name 0888-8888-8888 bucketname/image.manifest.xml

ec2-api-tools installieren

So installiert man ec2-api-tools auf Ubuntu:

sudo apt-get install ec2-api-tools
sudo apt-get install ec2-ami-tools

Falls diese Fehlermeldung kommt: Package ec2-api-tools is not available, but is referred to by another package. Dann verwendest du eventuell Ubuntu lucid 10 mit dem AMI von Eric Hammond von alestic. Das hat bei mir geholfen: Backup erstellen:

mv /etc/apt/sources.list sources.list.backup

Dann die Datei sources.list mit diesem Inhalt ersetzen (Ubuntu lucid). Der Inhalt ist von meinem Desktop Ubuntu:

#deb cdrom:[Ubuntu 10.04 LTS _Lucid Lynx_ - Release i386 (20100429)]/ lucid main restricted
# See http://help.ubuntu.com/community/UpgradeNotes for how to upgrade to
# newer versions of the distribution.
 
deb http://ch.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ lucid main restricted
deb-src http://ch.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ lucid main restricted
 
## Major bug fix updates produced after the final release of the
## distribution.
deb http://ch.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ lucid-updates main restricted
deb-src http://ch.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ lucid-updates main restricted
 
## N.B. software from this repository is ENTIRELY UNSUPPORTED by the Ubuntu
## team. Also, please note that software in universe WILL NOT receive any
## review or updates from the Ubuntu security team.
deb http://ch.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ lucid universe
deb-src http://ch.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ lucid universe
deb http://ch.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ lucid-updates universe
deb-src http://ch.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ lucid-updates universe
 
## N.B. software from this repository is ENTIRELY UNSUPPORTED by the Ubuntu 
## team, and may not be under a free licence. Please satisfy yourself as to 
## your rights to use the software. Also, please note that software in 
## multiverse WILL NOT receive any review or updates from the Ubuntu
## security team.
deb http://ch.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ lucid multiverse
deb-src http://ch.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ lucid multiverse
deb http://ch.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ lucid-updates multiverse
deb-src http://ch.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ lucid-updates multiverse
 
## Uncomment the following two lines to add software from the 'backports'
## repository.
## N.B. software from this repository may not have been tested as
## extensively as that contained in the main release, although it includes
## newer versions of some applications which may provide useful features.
## Also, please note that software in backports WILL NOT receive any review
## or updates from the Ubuntu security team.
# deb http://ch.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ lucid-backports main restricted universe multiverse
# deb-src http://ch.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ lucid-backports main restricted universe multiverse
 
## Uncomment the following two lines to add software from Canonical's
## 'partner' repository.
## This software is not part of Ubuntu, but is offered by Canonical and the
## respective vendors as a service to Ubuntu users.
# deb http://archive.canonical.com/ubuntu lucid partner
# deb-src http://archive.canonical.com/ubuntu lucid partner
 
deb http://security.ubuntu.com/ubuntu lucid-security main restricted
deb-src http://security.ubuntu.com/ubuntu lucid-security main restricted
deb http://security.ubuntu.com/ubuntu lucid-security universe
deb-src http://security.ubuntu.com/ubuntu lucid-security universe
deb http://security.ubuntu.com/ubuntu lucid-security multiverse
deb-src http://security.ubuntu.com/ubuntu lucid-security multiverse

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